The Eiffel Tower is an iconic symbol of Paris, France, and one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world. Standing at 1,063 feet tall, the tower was built in 1889 as the entrance arch to the World's Fair. It was named after its designer, Gustave Eiffel, a French engineer who also worked on the construction of the Statue of Liberty in New York City.
Despite its initial controversial reception, the tower has become a beloved symbol of Paris and a popular tourist attraction, with millions of visitors from around the world climbing to the top each year. While there is nothing to see inside the tower itself, the views from the observation decks are breathtaking, offering panoramic views of the city and its landmarks. The tower has also been the site of many historic events and has played a significant role in the cultural and artistic history of Paris.
The Eiffel Tower is a symbol of France and one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world. This iconic tower has a rich history that dates back to the late 19th century.
The tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel, a French engineer who also designed the framework for the Statue of Liberty. Eiffel and his team of engineers, including Maurice Koechlin, began work on the tower in 1887. The construction of the tower took two years, two months, and five days to complete.
The tower was built using 18,038 pieces of wrought iron and 2.5 million rivets. It stands 324 meters tall and weighs 10,100 tons. At the time of its construction, it was the tallest man-made structure in the world.
The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 Exposition Universelle, a world's fair held in Paris to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The tower was intended to be a temporary structure and was only meant to stand for 20 years.
The tower was an instant success and quickly became a symbol of Paris. It attracted millions of visitors during the world's fair and has continued to be a popular tourist attraction ever since. Not everyone was a fan of the tower, however. The famous French writer Guy de Maupassant is said to have eaten lunch in the tower's restaurant every day because it was the only place in Paris where he didn't have to see the tower.
Today, the Eiffel Tower is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the world. It has inspired countless works of art and has been featured in numerous movies and TV shows. It has also been the subject of many engineering studies, including one conducted by Thomas Edison, who used the tower to study the effects of wind on tall structures.
The tower has also been the inspiration for many other structures around the world, including the Washington Monument in the United States. It remains a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of the engineers and designers who built it, and a symbol of the enduring spirit of France.
Design and Structure
Iron and Rivets
The Eiffel Tower is a lattice tower made of wrought iron, a material that was popular in the 19th century for its strength and durability. The tower's construction required over 18,000 pieces of puddle iron, which were assembled using over 2.5 million rivets. The rivets, which were heated until they were red-hot, were inserted into holes drilled in the iron pieces, and then hammered into place.
Stairs and Elevator
The tower has two sets of stairs, with a total of 1,665 steps. Visitors can climb the stairs to the second floor, which is 115 meters above the ground, and then take an elevator to the top. The elevator, which was added in 1889, is made of wrought iron and has a capacity of 50 people.
The Eiffel Tower was originally built as a temporary structure for the 1889 World's Fair, but it was later repurposed as a radio antenna. In 1909, a long wire antenna was added to the top of the tower, making it the tallest structure in the world at the time. Today, the tower is still used as a radio and television transmitter.
The Eiffel Tower is illuminated by 20,000 light bulbs, which are arranged in a pattern that accentuates the tower's shape and structure. The tower's lighting system was upgraded in 1985 to include colored lights, which are used to celebrate special occasions and events.
The Eiffel Tower is painted every seven years to protect it from rust and corrosion. The tower's original color was reddish-brown, but it was later painted yellow, and then a brownish-red color. Today, the tower is painted a shade of brown that was specially formulated to complement the Parisian skyline.
The Eiffel Tower's unique silhouette has made it an iconic symbol of Paris and a popular tourist attraction. The tower's lattice structure, which was designed to resist wind and earthquake forces, gives it a delicate and intricate appearance. The tower's design has been described as a masterpiece of structural art, and it continues to inspire architects and engineers around the world.
Visiting the Eiffel Tower
Tickets and Admission
Visiting the Eiffel Tower requires a ticket, which can be purchased in person or online. The ticket prices vary depending on the type of ticket and the age of the visitor. Children under 4 years old can enter for free, while seniors and children between 4-11 years old can get discounted tickets.
There are several types of tickets to choose from, including tickets for the elevator or the stairs. Visitors can also purchase a ticket that includes access to the summit, which offers stunning views of Paris. It's important to note that the summit is not accessible by stairs, and visitors with mobility issues may want to consider purchasing an elevator ticket.
To avoid long lines and ensure availability, it's recommended to book tickets in advance. Online tickets can be purchased up to 60 days in advance, and visitors can choose a specific time slot for their visit. However, it's important to note that tickets are non-refundable and non-exchangeable.
Lines and Security
The Eiffel Tower is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the world, so lines can be long, especially during peak season. Visitors should arrive early to avoid long wait times.
Security is also a top priority at the Eiffel Tower. Visitors are required to go through a security check before entering, which includes a metal detector and bag check. It's recommended to bring only essential items to speed up the security process.
Views and Observation Deck
The Eiffel Tower offers breathtaking views of Paris from its observation deck. Visitors can take the elevator or stairs to the first and second levels, which offer panoramic views of the city. The third level, or summit, offers even more stunning views, but it's important to note that this level is not accessible by stairs.
The observation deck is equipped with telescopes, which visitors can use to get a closer look at the city's landmarks. It's also a great spot for taking photos and enjoying the view.
Overall, visiting the Eiffel Tower is a must-do experience for anyone visiting Paris. With a little planning and preparation, visitors can make the most of their visit and enjoy the stunning views from one of the world's most iconic landmarks.
Restaurants and Recreation
Restaurants and Cafes
The Eiffel Tower is not just a tourist attraction, but also a hub for dining and entertainment. There are several restaurants and cafes located throughout the tower, offering a variety of cuisines and dining experiences.
One of the most popular restaurants is the Jules Verne, located on the second floor of the tower. It is a Michelin-starred restaurant that offers panoramic views of Paris while serving gourmet French cuisine. Another popular option is the 58 Tour Eiffel, located on the first floor, which offers a more casual dining experience with a variety of French and international dishes.
For those looking for a quick bite, there are also several cafes located throughout the tower. The Gustave Eiffel Salon, located on the first floor, offers a selection of pastries, sandwiches, and drinks. The Champagne Bar, located on the third floor, offers a selection of champagne and light bites.
Recreation and Activities
Apart from dining, the Eiffel Tower also offers several recreational activities. Visitors can take a guided tour of the tower, which includes access to the summit and a panoramic view of Paris. There is also a virtual reality experience that allows visitors to experience the tower in a unique way.
For those looking for a more physical activity, there are also stairs that visitors can climb up to the second floor. This is a great option for those who want to avoid the crowds and get some exercise while enjoying the views.
In addition, the Eiffel Tower also hosts several events throughout the year, such as light shows and concerts. Visitors can check the tower's website for a schedule of upcoming events.
Overall, the Eiffel Tower offers a unique dining and recreational experience that is not to be missed. Whether you're looking for a gourmet meal or a physical challenge, the tower has something to offer for everyone.
5 Hotels to Stay
For those planning a trip to Paris to visit the Eiffel Tower, finding the right hotel is essential. Here are five hotels that offer comfortable accommodations and convenient access to the iconic landmark:
Shangri-La Hotel Paris - This luxurious hotel is located just a 15-minute walk from the Eiffel Tower and offers stunning views of the landmark from its rooms and suites. The hotel also features a Michelin-starred restaurant, a spa, and a fitness center.
Pullman Paris Tour Eiffel - This modern hotel is situated right next to the Eiffel Tower and offers rooms with breathtaking views of the landmark. The hotel also features a rooftop bar, a fitness center, and a restaurant serving French cuisine.
Le Parisis Paris Tour Eiffel - This stylish hotel is located just a few minutes' walk from the Eiffel Tower and offers comfortable rooms with contemporary decor. The hotel also features a bar, a fitness center, and a terrace with views of the city.
Hôtel Gustave - This charming boutique hotel is located in the 15th arrondissement, just a short walk from the Eiffel Tower. The hotel features individually decorated rooms, a cozy lounge, and a garden terrace.
Hotel Eiffel Petit Louvre - This budget-friendly hotel is located just a few minutes' walk from the Eiffel Tower and offers simple but comfortable accommodations. The hotel also features a 24-hour front desk and a breakfast room.
Overall, these five hotels offer a range of options for travelers looking to stay close to the Eiffel Tower while enjoying comfortable accommodations and convenient amenities.
Facts and Figures
Height and Tallest Structure
The Eiffel Tower is an iconic structure located in Paris, France. It was built in 1889 and stands at a height of 324 meters (1,063 feet). At the time of its construction, it was the tallest structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was completed in 1930. However, it still holds the title of the tallest structure in Paris.
The tower has three levels that visitors can access. The first level is 57 meters (187 feet) above ground level, the second level is 115 meters (377 feet) above ground level, and the third level is 276 meters (906 feet) above ground level. The observation deck on the third level offers a panoramic view of Paris.
Replicas and Similar Structures
The Eiffel Tower has become an iconic symbol of France and has been replicated in various parts of the world. One of the most famous replicas is the one located in Las Vegas, USA, which is half the size of the original tower. Another replica is located in China, which is 108 meters (354 feet) tall and is located in the city of Hangzhou.
The Eiffel Tower has also been used as a benchmark for other tall structures around the world. For example, the Montparnasse Tower in Paris was designed to be shorter than the Eiffel Tower so as not to detract from its prominence in the Parisian skyline.
Overall, the Eiffel Tower remains one of the most recognizable and visited landmarks in the world. Its unique design and impressive height continue to captivate visitors from all over the globe.
Scientists and Experiments
The Eiffel Tower has been a subject of scientific experiments since its inception. Gustave Eiffel, the tower's designer, used it for numerous experiments to study the effects of wind resistance on tall structures. Today, scientists continue to use the tower for various experiments, including measuring the Earth's curvature and the speed of light.
Literature and Art
The Eiffel Tower has inspired countless works of literature and art, including paintings, photographs, and films. It has been featured in numerous books, including "The Eiffel Tower and Other Mythologies" by Roland Barthes and "A Moveable Feast" by Ernest Hemingway. It has also appeared in several films, including "An American in Paris" and "The Bourne Identity."
Secrets and Safety Precautions
The Eiffel Tower has several secrets and safety precautions that many people may not know about. For example, the tower has a secret apartment on the third level that was once used by Gustave Eiffel. Additionally, the tower has a lightning rod that protects it from lightning strikes. It also has a unique safety system that includes elevators that are designed to automatically stop if the cables break.
In conclusion, the Eiffel Tower is not only a beautiful landmark but also a fascinating structure that has inspired scientists, artists, and writers for over a century. With its many secrets and safety precautions, it continues to capture the imagination of people around the world.
Impact and Significance
The Eiffel Tower is an iconic symbol of Paris and one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world. Its impact and significance extend beyond its status as a tourist attraction. This section explores the tower's role in French Resistance Fighters, its position as the heart of Paris, and its impact on tourism and visitors.
French Resistance Fighters
During World War II, the Eiffel Tower played a critical role in the French Resistance. The tower's radio transmitter was used to broadcast coded messages to the Allies. The German army attempted to destroy the tower, but the Resistance fighters prevented them from doing so. The tower's importance to the Resistance was so significant that Hitler ordered it to be destroyed if the Germans were forced to retreat from Paris.
Heart of Paris
The Eiffel Tower is often referred to as the heart of Paris. It is located in the center of the city and is visible from almost anywhere. The tower's presence is felt in the daily life of Parisians. It is a popular meeting place, a romantic spot for couples, and a source of pride for the city.
Tourism and Visitors
The Eiffel Tower is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the world. It attracts millions of visitors each year, making it a significant source of revenue for the City of Paris. The tower's impact on tourism extends beyond the tower itself. It is a symbol of the City of Lights and a representation of French culture.
The tower's visitors come from all over the world, and it has become a must-see destination for many travelers. The tower's observation decks offer stunning views of the city and the Seine River. It is also a popular spot for proposals, weddings, and other special occasions.
In conclusion, the Eiffel Tower's impact and significance extend beyond its status as a tourist attraction. Its role in French Resistance Fighters, its position as the heart of Paris, and its impact on tourism and visitors make it an essential part of the city's identity.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the Eiffel Tower and its operations. The tower was closed for several months in 2020 due to the pandemic, and it reopened with new safety measures in place. Visitors are now required to wear masks and maintain a safe distance from others while on the tower. The number of visitors allowed inside the tower at any given time has also been reduced to ensure social distancing.
Additionally, the tower has implemented several other safety measures, such as increased cleaning and disinfection of high-touch areas, installation of hand sanitizing stations throughout the tower, and the use of contactless payment options.
In recent years, the Eiffel Tower has also implemented several safety measures to ensure the well-being of its visitors. These measures include the installation of bulletproof glass around the tower's base, the addition of security checkpoints at the entrances, and the implementation of bag checks for all visitors.
The tower also has a team of security personnel on-site at all times to monitor the premises and respond to any emergencies. In the event of an emergency, the tower has an evacuation plan in place to ensure the safety of all visitors.
Overall, the Eiffel Tower has taken significant steps to ensure the safety of its visitors, both in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and in general. These measures have helped to make the tower a safe and enjoyable destination for tourists from around the world.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why is the Eiffel Tower famous?
The Eiffel Tower is famous for its iconic design and its status as a symbol of Paris and France. It is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the world.
How tall is the Eiffel Tower in cm?
The Eiffel Tower is 324 meters (1,063 feet) tall. In centimeters, it measures 32,400 cm.
When was the Eiffel Tower built and finished?
The Eiffel Tower was built between 1887 and 1889. It was completed on March 31, 1889.
How long did it take to build the Eiffel Tower?
It took two years, two months, and five days to build the Eiffel Tower. Construction began in January 1887 and was completed in March 1889.
What was the Eiffel Tower built for?
The Eiffel Tower was built as the entrance arch for the 1889 World's Fair, which was held in Paris to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. It was intended to be a temporary structure, but it was so popular that it was allowed to remain standing after the fair ended.
What are 5 facts about the Eiffel Tower?
The Eiffel Tower was the tallest man-made structure in the world when it was completed in 1889.
It was designed by Gustave Eiffel, who also designed the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty.
The tower has three levels for visitors, and there are restaurants on the first and second levels.
The Eiffel Tower was almost torn down in 1909, but it was saved because it was found to be useful as a radio transmitter.
The tower is painted every seven years, and it takes 60 tons of paint to cover it.